Monday 21 April 2014

2014 - Our Female Nurses


Florence Nightingale, OM, RRC (1820 –1910) born at the Great Duchy of Tuscany, was a celebrated English social reformer and statistician, and the founder of modern nursing. She came to prominence while serving as a nurse during the Crimean War, where she tended to wounded soldiers. She was known as "The Lady with the Lamp" after her habit of making rounds at night. While being with the British Army she wrote: What the horrors of war are, no one can imagine. They are not wounds and blood and fever, spotted and low, or dysentery, chronic and acute, cold and heat and famine. They are intoxication, drunken brutality, demoralization and disorder on the part of the inferior… jealousies, meanness, indifference, selfish brutality on the part of the superior. 9

161 years later the Crimean Peninsula is once again at the center of worldwide media news. 16. About 85 books have been written in English and almost 30 in Spanish about the 1982 conflict. They both share the same flaw as few of them depict the activities of nurses.

This article is the result of a historical research and personal interviews of the author with many brave nurses involved in the 1982 conflict. They opened their hearts and their chest of memories to me revealing their innermost experience during a time of upheaval when many of the female naval nurse students were 19 years old students. Some of them are married to survivors of the cruiser ARA General Belgrano but others were not so lucky. Lack of space does not allow me to include all their photographs and stories, however the reader will be enthralled to enter this brave women´s word of fleeting joyful moments, hard work, personal frustrations, fear, anxiety and romance.

The author believes nurses are angels without wings so they deserve every success and recognition they get.

Let this article be a tribute to all these brave women who carry the lamp of compassion” amidst conflicts around the world.

Argentine female nurse war veterans of the 1982 conflict Argentine Army surgical scrub nurses at the Icebreaker ARA Almirante Irizar (Q-5) (RHAI): 12

Silvia Barrera 15
María Marta Lemme
Susana Mazza
Norma Navarro
Cecilia Ricchieri
María Angélica Sendes

Civilian Army scrub nurses appointed at the icebreaker ARA Almirante Irizar

32 years ago, at 6-00 AM six women dressed in combat uniform, green camouflage green, boarded a commercial airliner in the Jorge Newbery airport in Buenos Aires and landed in Rio Gallegos.

Henceforth they were moved to the Punta Quilla seaport in a Bell 212 army helicopter, and from there to a SH-3 Sea King naval medical helicopter to the Hospital Ship ARA "Almirante Irizar" .

Silvia Barrera
(Una Mujer en Malvinas -http://santostefanocarlosalberto.blogspot.com.ar/2012/06/unamujer-
en-malvinas-silvia-barrera-48.html )

From the deck I could see dogfights over my head and ground cross fire as the boat was anchored in a bay. Light shells traced the sky like fireworks.One night Barrera took a night sight and became aware of the situation.

"We assimilated it because we knew we had to work , preparing rooms and instrumentation . Over the years I found gunners who told me they were afraid to shoot as the ship was between them and the British, and also because they knew there women on board. "

The Irízar assisted nearly a thousand injuries of all kinds. Many of the wounded soldiers came directly after a heavy fighting directly from the battlefield to avoid any delay.

Silvia Barrera attended ten serious injuries in the operating room and remembers a soldier who died as a result of a brain trauma. ¨The task was very difficult because we needed to operate while the Irízar was submitted to the waves action.¨

Left to right: María Marta Lemme and Susana Mazza
(Las enfermeras que se atrevieron en plena guerra a viajar a Malvinas http://www.territoriodigital.com/nota3.aspx?c=5311219048628186)

Merchant ships

Nurse, Doris West – B/M ELMA “Formosa”.
Nurse, Perla Aguirre – B/M ELMA “Río de la Plata”.
Nurse, Olga Elvira Grasso – B/M ELMA “Almirante Stewart”.
Nurse, Nelly De Vera – B/M ELMA “Almirante Stewart”.
Nurse, Savid Molina – B/M ELMA “Tierra del Fuego II”.

Doris West (2014)

Doris West received her nurse diploma at the Buenos Aires British Hospital in 1958 and began working as a nurse in 1978 at ELMA (Empresa Líneas Marítimas Argentinas). "We were coming from a trip to the Gulf of Mexico, and when we reached the port of Buenos Aires we heard about the islands. We were at war. They loaded our ship with military supplies and left for an unknown destination to Puerto Quilla, in Santa Cruz, at 7 pm on April 2,"

At no time she felt like abandoning ship : "I wold have lived this as a betrayal, I never thought to get off." Doris was in the Formosa, the merchant ship that managed to evade twice the British blockade, moving ammunition and food for soldiers .

"I arrived to Malvinas on April 24 and stayed until 1 May. In Puerto Argentino, the British aircraft had already begun bombingshe recalls. "On the islands you could see the soldiers, walking without adequate clothing, feeling cold. We observed many respiratory infections."

On the evening of May 1, Doris was in the infirmary preparing vaccines and drugs when he heard the sound of an airplane flying at low altitude, first, and then a roar of irons opening in the deck of the ship, and machine gun noise. A Mk 82 bomb had fallen into the cellar, but miraculously did not detonate. It was a mistake.

The attacker was an Argentine Air Force A4B Skyhawk, manned by Captain Pablo Marcos Rafael ¨Cruz¨ Carballo. "The crewmen were livid , deathly afraid," he says . "Just one year after the war ended, we knew that the attack was friendly fire."

Mk 82 bomb

The bomb was later was decommissioned by Air Force Sergeant Pedro Miranda Prudencio.

Doris remembers one of the soldiers whom she attended , "a boy named Gustavo Polo from La Plata", who asked her to call his mom and his girlfriend . ¨I met him later and knew he had married that girlfriend." 18,24

The Naval Health School (ESAN) at the Puerto Belgrano Naval Hospital

(Kindly submitted by SMEN Silvia Aldrighetti)

The Argentine Navy had two courses:

  • a) Traditional Course with First, Second and Third year nurse students who obtained at the end the rank of Cabo Segundo (Able Rate Nurse)
  • b) Non Traditional Course opened in 1981 which incorporated women with High School 5th grade, or nurses who served as civilian nurses during one or two years and professional nurses.

Professional nurses were given the rank of Principal Corporal.

The rest would be Commissioned Corporal First and Second class. When this course ended it was closed and the Navy continued with the Traditional course.

Director of the Naval Health School (1980-1981): Lieutenant Commander Medicine doctor Emilio N.Marincioni, Chief of the Courses Corvette Lieutenant José Italia, Petty Officer in charge Carlos Trejo an in charge of school Warrant Officer 2 Amaro De Souza. In 1982 Director of the ESAN: Commander Medicine Doctor Ricardo Arieu.

All these nurses not only were involved in preparing the hospital ship ARA Bahia Paraiso but assisted as well at the Puerto Belgrano Naval Hospital the wounded men coming from the front lines.

First Year Nurse Students(ANPA)in 1982

Reference: SMEN Silvia Aldrighetti
Claudia Patricia Lorenzini

Claudia Patricia Lorenzini - 2014 
Aielo, Elizabeth
Alfieri, Marcela †
Alvarez, Monica
Belasich, Silvina
Echavarria, Silvina
Fernández, Alicia
Gó Gomez, María
Hegoburu, Alejandra
Hernandez, Adriana
Lorenzini, Claudia P.
Loyola, Stella Maris
Muñoz, Maria del Carmen
Ortiz, Nancy Mabel
Pereyra, Alejandra Edith
Pereyra, Susana Beatriz
Romero, Claudia
Rossini,Maria Alejandra
Santos, Liliana
Saulino, Rosana
Valdiviezo, Marcela
Villanueva, Graciela

¨We worked as psychologists and mothers. You had to hold them because they came broken emotionaly ¨

Claudia Patricia Lorenzini joined the Navy to study for nurse when she was 15 years old. She actually works as an assistant in a kindergarten in La Plata. She said the Navy gave her discipline and organization and that´s the reason by which she is very meticulous and organized with her stuff today. "In that sense, it was positive."

Claudia lives in Punta Lara, a neighboring town. 21

(Kindly submitted by Claudia Patricia Lorenzini)

Front middle: Lorenzini, Claudia Patricia, 2nd row right to left: Montenegro, Marta, Martinez, Nidia, Passet,Leticia, Siciliani, Sandra,
3erd row left to right: Guerra,Silvia, Castro,Liliana, Cintas,Drissi, Pompei,Liliana. Bordagaray,Laura,Melgar lIliana, Stancato,Nancy,Bonino,Sonia.

Upper row from left to right: Magallan,Nancy, Lucero,Laura,Distillo,Claudia.

Second Year Nurse Students (ANSA) in 1982

Reference: SMEN Silvia Aldrighetti

SPEN Amalia López

Maríٌa G. Trinchin - 2014
Germain,María V.
Lucero, Liliana L.
Mónica Moyano - 2014


(http://www.gremialesdelsur.com.ar/ )

At the height of postwar I met my husband who has been with me 32 years of my life, a survivor of the cruiser ARA General Belgrano. We married on December 17, 1982 at the Stella Maris Church of Puerto Belgrano. I was one of the first Women who married with an honor guard of military women. It was the cutest wedding gift that I keep in my heart: to see my dear sisters waiting for me all along the aisle to the altar, with their white uniforms guiding me to my " my perky seaman¨.

We spent our lives in the Base till 1993, our three children were born in Puerto Belgrano in 1983.1985 and 1988. (Mónica Moyano) Graciela Trinchin, a native of Villa Alfredo Fortabat, Olavarria who serves in the clinic María Auxiliadora received in March 7th, 2014 (International Women's Day) a distinction from the Chamber of Deputies with the rest of the female naval nurses. 4,10,13

Warrant Officer Nurse 2 Liliana Castro works at the Haematology Service in the Buenos Aires Naval Hospital.

Mónica Moyano is Union secretary of the SUEF (Unique syndicate of nurses of Tierra del Fuego) and delegate of IPAUSS (Unified Provinciat Institute of Welfare of Tierra del Fuego) in Río Grande also received a distinticion from the Chamber of Deputies.14

Front row: Lorenzini, Claudia Patricia,
Back right to left: Cintas, Esther -Verino, Nancy - Saulino, Rosana - Castro, Nancy -
Hernandez, Adriana,
2nd row right to left: Stancato, Nancy - Siciliani, Andrea - Moyano, Monica -Rossini, Alejandra - Gonzalez, Claudia - Santos, Liliana - Vega, Nancy - Rodas, Elsa.
Standing back right to left: Lucero, Laura - Trinchin, María Graciela.

Third Year Naval Students (ANTA) in 1982

Reference: SMEN Silvia Aldrighetti

Alicia Coronel - 2014
Aballay, Marisa
Aguilera, María Cristina
Benegas, Ana Carmen
Barrionuevo, María Roxana
Battistella, Noemí
Casado, Mirta Liliana
Coronel, Alicia Beatriz
Costilla, María Nieves
Champañe, Liliana
Ezpondaburu, Marisa †
Gallardo, Patricia Haydee
Garrido, Mabel Elisa
Martinez, Selva
Mulet, Maria del Carmen
Peiro, Marisa Alejandra
Pergolesi, Liliana
Quinteros, Laura Liliana
Sánchez, Sonia Susana
Vilche, Norma Elizabeth

Alicia Coronel Works at the Gastroenterology Service in the Buenos Aires Naval Hospital.

Marisa Alejandra Peiro

Marisa Peiro who was born in Mendoza and now lives in Canada. On the night of April 2nd, at the beginning of the conflict she was on call at the Puerto Belgrano Naval Hospital. Marisa received the first war wounded: Nurse Corporal Ernesto Ismael Urbina who had been shot while assisting Lieutenant Commander Marine Corps Pedro Edgardo Giachino.

Urbina remembers:
"Moments later (Giachino) fell, hit by the fire. I heard he was
calling for a nurse so I began to skirt the privet fence and fiber cement sheets which divided the patio. I identified Giachino by his voice. Giachino was known for his voice which denoted courage and ability to command.

"I tried to go through a gap where there was a fiber cement sheet missing. I was surprised by a group of ducks and geese frightened by the shooting. I managed to get to a box of plates when I was hit by bullets. "

"I was down for several minutes, stunned, until I calmed down. The pain was terrible. My instinct led me to open my bag, find the vials of Demerol and injected myself. I knew roughly where I was wounded, I opened my clothes and placed a dressing. After surgery I knew that it was an abdominal wound with walkout of the viscera. My companions received crossfire when I lost consciousness." 23

Urbina stood out in those conditions from about 7:30 am up to an hour and a half later. With the ceasefire he was taken to the hospital  and submitted to surgery in the island. 

Being 20,000 Km from her home Marisa read in a media announcement about Urbina. She got in contact with him and he answered saying ¨I always looked for the nurse who took care of me that night¨. Marisa said it was the greatest experience she ever had as a nurse. 22,23 

Principal Corporal in 1982 

SMEN Silvia Aldrighetti -2014
(Kindly submitted by Silvia Aldrighetti)

¨My experience in the care of the wounded during the conflict of Malvinas as limited to the Surgical Recovery Service in Puerto Belgrano Naval Hospital , a work I´ve done next to the invaluable Civilian Personnel We worked professionalism and dedication in a team of surgeons, clinicians, traumatologists (and a short time with the Principal Nurse Gloria Chocobar). We were joined by the same hidden and invisible pain of these young heroes hoping that all of them (soldiers and corporals mostly from the Army) would fight for their life and survive their wounds of the face, neck, arms, abdomen, legs, feet and especially of the soul; with the same courage they fought in this uneven war.

I was also with the group of Nurses (which prepared the hospital ship Bahia Paraiso and which a last time order made them disembark). We went to the hospital to the various services which required more staff; and henceforth we went to receive the survivors of the cruiser ARA "General Belgrano" . These last were so shocked and defeated men after such painful ordeal that could not undress themselves to be examined !. 

People crowded round the perimeter fence of the Hospital, as silent witnesses expecting to see what happen to their loved ones.¨(Silvia Aldrighetti)

Corporal First Class in 1982

Reference: SPEN Amalia López

CIEN María Soledad Biselli
Biselli, María Soledad
Cardozo, Nancy Gladys

These motivated nurses showed
responsability, generosity, caring,
kindness, discipline, thoughtful,

principled and noble values.

Corporal Second Class in 1982
Reference: SMEN Silvia Aldrighetti
AGCV Sandra Viviana Ordoñez

Rosanna Patricia Imperio- 2014
Amez Droz,Patricia Mónica
Cruz,Ana Alicia
Della Banca,Graciela
Imperio,Rosanna Patricia
López,Amalia Anatasia
Lucero,Olga Beatriz
Mantick,Alicia Beatriz
Mendoza,María Isabel
Olivares,María del Valle
Alicia Mantick - 2014

Ordoñez,Sandra Viviana
Oviedo,Andrea Laura
Rodas, Sonia Beatriz
Sanchez,Silvia Susana
Suarez,Cecilia Beatriz

SPEN Andrea Oviedo - 2014
SPEN Amalia López - 2014

Dear Mommy,
On April 16th we were informed that 13 Able Seaman Nurses 1nd class , 2 Able Seaman Nurse 2nd class and 2 Leading Seaman nurses would be appointed to the hospital ship Bahía Paraíso plus 4 scrub nurses from the hospital and male nurses. Later the Hospital Director said in a lecture that the Bahia Paraiso would have no female personnel. The Commnder and the Health Chief tried unsucesfully to keep us on board.All was useless. They thanked us for our work in that ship and although we belonged to her crew for only 7 days the moments we lived on board will never be forgotten.
(Letter from Alicia Mantick to her mother, April 4th,1982)

The following nurses work at the Buenos Aires Naval Hospital ¨Cirujano Mayor Dr Pedro Mallo¨: 

  • Warrant Officer Nurse 2 Amalia López works in the Traumatology area 
  • Warrant Officer Nurse 2 Andrea Oviedo works in Infectious Diseases service Sandra Ordoñez works as Nurse Supervisor in Outdoor patients area.
  • Rosanna Patricia Imperio works at the Mariano Veronelli Proyect. She coordinates workshops for mothers of children who at the same time assist for school support.Patricia works with these women´s self-esteem, addressing their personal problems from domestic violence, emotional abuse, family coexistence, prevention and higiene.Right now their team is working for Caritas headquarters in St. Augustine Parish.

Nurses who took part in preparing the hospital ship ARA Bahía Paraíso in 1982
Reference: SMEN Silvia Aldrighetti

CPEN Aldrighetti, Silvia Maria
CPEN Solinas, Graciela Marta

CIEN Cardozo, Nancy Gladys
CIEN Biselli, María Soledad

CSEN Amez Droz, Patricia Monica
CSEN Bonaldo, Mariel Alejandra
CSEN Correa, Carmelina
CSEN Cruz, Ana Alicia
CSEN Della Blanca, Graciela
CSEN Espinosa, Elena
CSEN Imperio, Rossana Patricia
CSEN López, Amalia Anastasia
CSEN Lucero, Olga Beatriz
CSEN Mantick, Alicia Beatriz
CSEN Mendoza, María Isabel
CSEN Olivares, María del Valle
ARA Bahía Paraíso

CSEN Oviedo, Andrea Laura
CSEN Ordoñez, Sandra Viviana
CSEN Saudino, Gabriela
CSEN Sanchez, Silvia Susana
CSEN Suarez, Cecilia Beatriz
CSEN Setau, Patricia
CSEN Rodas, Sonia Beatriz

PC Escobar, Julia Alicia
PC Tynkiw, Margarita
PC Simoni, Ana María
PC Ramirez, Marisa

Thanks to these nurses´ efforts during 1982 the ARA Bahia Paraíso performed the following services: 2

  • 231 patients were asisted of whom 148 were wounded in combat and picked at different points of conflict.
  • In Puerto Argentino : 95 wounded
  • In Puerto Fox : 19 Wounded
  • In Puerto Howard : 13 injured
  • In Bahia Elephant : 2 injured
  • From the hospital ship Uganda : 94 injured
  • 203 cures were performed
  • 29 orthopedic surgeries (6 amputations)
  • 23 General Surgeries
  • The ship evacuated 1984 people, of which 690 were from the Navy, Army 1032, Air Force 198 and 64 civilians.

Argentine Air Force Nurses at the Comodoro Rivadavia Hospital (ZDC=Continental Deployment Zone)
Reference: Alicia Mabel Reynoso

Alicia Reynoso - 2012  4
Arce, Marta Luisa
Bassler, Gisella
Botta, Stella Maris
Colino, María Liliana
Escudero, Sonia
Maluendez, Gladis
Massito, Ana María
Morales , Stella Maris
Reynoso,Alicia Mabel
Rodriguez, Mónica
Rosas, Mónica
Solohaga, Elda

Alicia Mabel Reynoso was born in Entre Ríos. She was the daughter of a Policeman who died when she was 6 years old. Alicia studied nursing in Santa Fé. She had 23 years when on April 2nd, 1982 she was appointed to the Comodoro Rivadavia Hospital where she remained till june 14th. During the conflict she was in charge of the Operating Rooms. She remembers the planes with the wounded soldiers came at dawn and then after the triage those who needed were submitted to surgery.¨For the soldiers we were the first normal face, the first hot meal ,the first kind word after such madness¨ 6

¨War is good for no one, neither for those who live or those who had to suffer the sequels, their relatives and that for both countries. We should remember that many British who died were also human beings¨ 6

My mother, as the mothers of many soldiers grasped religion and tried to endure the best she could. 6

Alicia Mabel Reynoso(right) and her comrades-April 1982
Gisela Irene Bassler at the Argentine Embassy in Germany 5

Ms. Gisela Irene Bassler being nurse, joined the Argentina Air Force on March 1, 1980 for the Zonal Military Training Course, graduating with the degree of Leading Seaman Nurse. During the development of the South Atlantic Conflict between April 02 and June 14, 1982, was intended to Relocatable Hospital which was installed in Comodoro Rivadavia Military Air Base.

In this health unit, the nurse Gisela Bassler, met his business,
providing health care to approximately 365 wounded. Ms. Bassler currently resides in the city of Ulm, Germany.

Tuesday July 10, 2012, Ambassador Victorio Taccetti handed the award "Honorable National Congress Combatants" and Commodore Eduardo Fogliato, Defense, Military, Naval and Aviation of Argentina, handed Ms. Bassler Distinctive Field No 4 with the corresponding certificate (Resolution 540/85 of the Air Force). 5

British female nurse war veterans of the 1982 conflict
Her Majesty’s Hospital Ship Uganda

40 British nurses from the Queen Alexandra’s Royal Naval Nursing Service (QARNNS) served aboard Her Majesty’s Hospital Ship Uganda. In 1982, in preparation for the introduction of male officers, the Nursing Officers' ranking system was changed. 17,19

(Kindly submitted by M/S Nicci Pugh)

(Kindly submitted by M/S Nicci Pugh)
Nicci Pugh qualified as a State Registered Nurse in 1971 and quickly progressed to become the youngest Theatre Sister to be appointed at The Royal Cornwall Hospital in 1975. Joining the Queen Alexandra’s Royal Naval Nursing Service (QARNNS) as a Senior Nursing Officer on a five year short service Commission in 1980, Nicci worked at the Royal Naval Hospitals Haslar, Gibraltar and Stonehouse.In April 1982 Nicci was selected with 39 other QARNNS nursing personnel to serve on board Her Majesty’s Hospital Ship Uganda during the Malvinas conflict.
(Kindly submitted by M/S Nicci Pugh)

These Nurses were the only military females working within the combat zone during the conflict and the QARNNS Naval Nurses on board the Hospital Ship were the first female Royal Naval junior ratings in history to serve at sea.Nicci Pugh wrote White Ship Red Crosses published by MelroseBooks (ISBN 978-1907040498) Hospital ship nurses who served in the Malvinas conflict reunited on board the P&O Cruises superliner Aurora on April 20 , 2008 with some of the severely injured servicemen they treated more than a quarter of a century ago.(Southern Daily Echo 22nd March 2008). 19

Nicci Pugh
(Falklands Combat Medics)7

As it headed to Ascension Island, the forward operating base, the idea this was still a "phoney war" to be resolved by diplomats was still prevalent among the crew and remained so even as it set off for the British-imposed exclusion zone around the Malvinas on April 29. That all changed – first with the sinking of the Belgrano on May 2, followed two days later when HMS Sheffield was hit by an Exocet missile: "Until then everyone on the Uganda, in the task force, did not think this was going to be a fighting war. We thought it was a high-powered exercise." 8

Sheffield Casualty
(Falklands Combat Medics) 7

Hospital Ship SS Uganda
(Kindly submitted by Merchant Captain Martin Reed RD* )

A team of 135 medical staff, including 12 doctors, operating theatre staff and 40 members of the Queen Alexandra's Royal Naval Nursing Service, left Portsmouth to join the ship taking large quantities of medical supplies with them. Uganda co-ordinated the movements of the four British and three Argentine hospital ships Almirante Irízar, Bahía Paraíso and Puerto Deseado and treated 730 casualties, 150 of them Argentine making four rendezvous with the Argentine ships.

SS Canberra(Great White Whale)20

Lef : Angela F.Devine              Right: Rosemary Elsdon
(Kindly submitted by Merchant Captain Martin Reed RD* )

HMS Hydra(A 144) 11

HMS Hydra worked with her two sister ships, HMS Hecla) and HMS Herald, to take casualties from the main hospital ship Uganda operating in the declared "Red Cross Box"( a virtual space where hospital ships could be anchored at night) 1, to Montevideo, Uruguay, where they were disembarked by a fleet of Uruguayan ambulances and flown by RAF VC10 aircraft to the UK for transfer to the Princess Alexandra Royal Air Force Hospital at RAF Wroughton, near Swindon.

The hospital ship HMS Hydra made four such passages from the waters off the Malvinas Islands to Montevideo, carrying a total of 251 British military casualties, many of them burns victims after the air attacks on landing ships at Bluff Cove. The last three 'lifts' of patients were made with departures from Grantham Sound, in the Malvinas Islands, to Montevideo on 14 June with 80 casualties, 24 June with 66 casualties and, finally, on 7 July 1982 with 48 casualties. Thirty of the ship's company had been trained, during the passage south. to support the medical staff as temporary nurses - many were called on for that assistance. Inspections to ensure compliance with International Committee of the Red Cross conditions were carried out by ICRC staff, some transferring to the ship in an Argentine hospital ship aircraft on 12 June. An inspection was also made by Argentine naval officers in the estuary of the River Plate.On 14 June 1982, HMS Hydra stayed behind as the Falkland Islands Hospital Ship, based in Puerto Argentino.

It is my duty 
(A poem in honor of Nurses Week)
Dawn Butler, RN

I walk through those doors with pride,
Who's life will I save tonight?
Someone is waiting for me,
Someone is alive today because of my duty.
Sometimes we cry cause we can't save them 
God sometimes won't let us interfere when
He calls.
A baby's first breath when he looks at me,
The joy of my first delivery.
The tear I wipe a way with my own hands,
The life ending of a gentle old man.
The night seems so dark and the morning so
Being a nurse you see life in a different light.
Who will I save tonight?
Who will hold my hand during their last
breath with no fright?
Who will enter this world on my shift?
How many mothers will greet their babies
with a kiss?
I don't know who these special people are
but I will meet them with every call
I will hold them tight and help the pain
I will hold them up when they feel faint.
I will be strong when I am needed
That is my job, I am a nurse..that is my duty.

Naval nurses - Nottingham Malvinas

Following this article and, commemorating the 32nd Anniversary of the Heroic Deed of Malvinas, the Command and crew of the ship ARA Bahia Paraiso handed a diploma in recognition and appreciation to our naval nurses for their valuable assistance in the recruitment and assembly of the Combat Health Department Unit from 15 to 21 April 1982.



CNCB(RE) VGM Juan Carlos Ianuzzo-AVEGUEMA

TFCPES Sebastian Villalobos
SMEN Silvia Aldrighetti
SMEN(RE)Roberto Borello
SPEN Liliana Castro
SPEN Amalia López
SPEN Andrea Oviedo

VGM Silvia Barrera
VGM Doris West

AGCV Sandra Ordoñez
Alicia Reynoso
Claudia Patricia Lorenzini
Alicia Mantick


Merchant Captain Martin Reed RD* (UK)
M/s Nicci Pugh-Former Senior Nursing Officer Queen Alexandra’s
Royal Naval Nursing Service (UK)

Photographs: All photographs were taken by the author except those indicated.

  1. Amendolara, Alejandro-Guerreros de Blanco-Los buques hospital en la guerra de Malvinas. http://www.eceme.ensino.eb.br/cihm/Arquivos/PDF%20Files/79.pdf
  2. ARA Bahia Paraiso-Zona Militarhttp://www.zona-militar.com/foros/threads/buque-hospital-ara-bahiapara%C3%ADso.1743/
  3. Dalmagro, Luciana-Malvinas y Alicia, de la vergüenza a la esperanza-El Diario 1º de Abril de 2012. http://www.eldiario.com.ar/diario/interes-general/40439-malvinas-y-alicia-de-laverguenza-a-la-esperanza.htm
  4. El 31 aniversario de Malvinas estrena Veteranas-Sala de Prensa-Presidencia de la Nacion. http://www.prensa.argentina.ar/2013/04/02/39516-el-31-aniversario-de- malvinasestrena-veteranas.php
  5. Embajada de la República Argentina en la República Federal de Alemania-Malvinas: Entrega de la Condecoración ¨El Honorable Congreso de la Nación a los Combatientes¨ a la Sra Gisela Irene Bassler. http://www.ealem.mrecic.gov.ar/content/malvinas-entrega-de-lacondecoraci%C3%B3n-%E2%80%9Cel-honorable-congreso-de-lanaci%C3%B3n-los-combatientes%E2%80%9D-l
  6. Enfermeras participantes en TOAS/ZDC estan plenamente identificadas por las Fuerzas Armadas. Portal de Veteranos de Malvinas No Reconocidos. http://www.combatientestoas.org/web/index.php/20120709776/noticias/ultimas/enfermeras-participantes-en-toas-zdc-estan-plenamente-identificadas-por-lasffaa.html
  7. Falklands Combat Medics-History Channel http://www.history.co.uk/shows/falklands-combat-medics/gallery
  8. Falklands Nurses Nicci Pugh and other nurses discuss their experiences on the Hospital Ship Uganda in the Falklands War, as the only female personnel in the combat zone. http://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/p007g4yy
  9. Florence Nightingale quotes. http://thinkexist.com/quotation/what_the_horrors_of_war_areno_ one_can_imagine/296342.html 36
  10. Graciela Trinchin fue reconocida en la Cámara de Diputados de la Nacion-El Popularhttp://www.elpopular.com.ar/eimpresa/182785/graciela-trinchin-fue-reconocidaen-la-camara-de-diputados-de-la-nacion
  11. HMS Hydrahttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/HMS_Hydra_%28A144%29
  12. Las enfermeras que se atrevieron a viajar en plena guerra de Malvinas- Territorio Digital.24 de mayo de 2012 http://www.territoriodigital.com/nota3.aspx?c=5311219048628186
  13. Malvinas: Enfermeras de Puerto Belgrano fueron homenajeadas-Punta Alta-La Nueva. http://www.lanueva.com/index.php/punta-alta/750800/malvinas--enfermeras-depuerto-belgrano-fueron-homenajeadas.html
  14. Mónica Moyano recibirá un reconocimiento en la Cámara de Diputados. Gremiales del Surhttp://www.gremialesdelsur.com.ar/noticias/val/10993-6/mónica-moyano-recibiráun-reconocimiento-en-la-cámara-de-diputados.html
  15. Mujeres en Malvinas-Una mujer en Malvinas: Silvia Barrera(48)curó y contuvo a cientos de soldados heridos en combate a bordo del buque Almirante Irizar. http://santostefanocarlosalberto.blogspot.com.ar/2012/06/una-mujer-en-malvinassilvia-barrera-48.html
  16. Myers,Steven Lee and Barry,Ellen-Putin reclaims Crimea for Russia and bittrly denounces the west-The New York Times, March 18,2014.
  17. Nurse recalls horror of Falkland conflict- This is Cornwall -October 14, 2010 http://www.westbriton.co.uk/Nurse-recalls-horror-Falkland-conflict/story-11420458-detail/story.html
  18. Pablo Carballo Héroe de la aviación en Malvinashttp://www.taringa.net/posts/info/9959105/Pablo-Carballo-Heroe-De-la-aviacionen-Malvinas.html
  19. M/s Nicci Pugh Former Senior Nursing Officer Queen Alexandra’s Royal Naval Nursing Service(Personal communication) 37
  20. SS Canberra http://www.sscanberra.com/appfmilpers.htm
  21. Tarantino, Paulina- FDRA Malvinas-Una enfermera rememora su rol en el conflicto. http://fdra-malvinas.blogspot.com.ar/2014/03/un-enfermera-rememora-su-rol-enel.html
  22. Testimonio de Ernesto Ismael Urbina. http://malvinas.ar.tripod.com/relato4.htm
  23. Un establecimiento educativo en Mendoza lleva el nombre de un enfermero veterano de Malvinas-Gaceta Marinera Digital. http://www.gacetamarinera.com.ar/nota.asp?idNota=2337
  24. Veteranas de Malvinas-Las mujeres argentinas que fueron a la guerrahttp://www.taringa.net/posts/info/14868982/Veteranas-de-Malvinas.html